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How to Write an Impactful Essay in ASA Format? – Useful Guide on ASA Citation

ASA format is a way of manuscript writing that is highly used by scholars for essay writing and is utilized by people who belong to the sociology department. In this blog, we will help you to develop a wider understanding of this topic.

ASA Format and ASA Citation

What Is ASA?

ASA format, or American Sociological Association format, is a popular type of manuscript writing utilized by researchers, writers, publishers, and the student community. The major purpose of this type of format is to write sociology-based scholarly papers.

One has to clear while doing the ASA citation. The incorrect usage of citation may lead the work to lose its credibility. It can even put the writer’s career in danger.

While citing your work in ASA format it is essential to be attentive towards the different parts of the book critique you are writing. They are structured as per the citation format. These are:

  • Title page
  • Heading format
  • Abstract
  • Reference list
  • In-text citations, etc. 

Detailed View On ASA Citation

The ASA citation format is a type of manuscript writing. It is generally adopted by scholars of sociology to recognize the ideas, theories, and words stated by other people in an organized way.

ASA Citation

If you are writing a paper in ASA format, here are some rules that you must include:

Text Formatting

The texts in the document have to be in Arial font, and the size should be 12. One must also add footnotes. The formatting can also be done as per the instructor who has assigned the task.


There should be a margin of a minimum of 11/4 inches. It has to be maintained on each side of the document. Again, the instructions of the assigner are to be followed.


Subheadings provide a structure to any written document. It makes your manuscript looks organized. You must follow a three-level heading structure.

1st Level Head

  • The first level head has to be in all capital, and precise.
  • Avoid using bold font.
  • You should avoid beginning your manuscript with a heading.

2nd Level Head

  • Make sure to use italics font, and left-justify.
  • Again, avoid going for bold fonts.
  • A title case would be helpful.

3rd Level Head

  • Use italics fonts, and left-justify the letterhead.
  • You should use it at the starting of your document.
  • Put a period after that.
  • Do not use bold fonts.
  • Make sure only the first word of the head is in capital letters.

These have to be added at the bottom end of the page. It is usually a part of the document where you are to cite the references. It acts as a section to add more details.


Endnotes are cited at the end of the paper, in a dedicated section. The endnotes have to be placed numerically, as per the ASA format. You should use double spacing and add all the references here.

Rules For ASA Citation

Now you must have an understanding of what is ASA. It is time to move ahead and go through some general rules involved in the ASA writing format.

  • While writing an ASA-based document you should not use first-person. However, if you are instructed to do so you may do that.
  • The ASA paper already contains several references. Hence, you must avoid writing it in an opinionated way. If the topic has to be written in an argumentative manner then you could add your opinions and views.
  • While mentioning data-based information within the paragraphs do not use abbreviations. Instead, use proper terms such as “percent”. If you are adding these details in a chart, table, or graph then the abbreviations can be used.
  • Always use the active voice to write your paper. The ASA citation writing should not include common expressions, slang, jargon, etc.
  • If you are mentioning a race or ethnicity, you have to be specific. Using Mexican, Italian, and Indian is the best way to go.
  • An acronym should always be mentioned along with the full name within the parentheses part.
  • Do not use gendered terms, unless they are required for anything specific. Also, non-gendered words, like, the global population are recommended.

Are both ASA citation and APA citation similar?

The ASA citation style looks somewhat similar to the APA (American Psychological Association) style of format. Not only are their appearances, but the functions are also quite the same.

However, the ASA citation is used for sociological papers, and APA citation is followed for writing social science research papers. So, we can say that both the citations are similar, but differ at some point.

In-Text Citations For ASA

The best part about using in-text citations in the ASA format is that it lets you include the source material of the information directly in your papers. Doing this helps you increase the credibility of your papers by creating a link between your ideas with the other authors. It allows you to follow a smooth flow within your paper.

If you are wondering how to cite multiple authors ASA, an in-text citation is your answer. In your in-text citation, you should mention the last name of the author along with the year of publication of your source in the parentheses. It has to be added at:

  • the end of the sentence, or
  • near the source
  • somewhere between the last word, and the period.

How to Write ASA Reference Page?

As the title suggests, “References” should be the first part of your ASA reference page. You must put the references with a hanging intention, and put double spaces between them.

The first letter of each word has to be in the capital, excluding the articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. In case they have to be placed at the start of the reference title or subtitle, then you can capitalize them.

In your ASA citation, you must mention the references alphabetically as per the last name of the author.

  • Names of the authors should include their first and middle names. If the author uses only their initials in their publications, then you have to use that only.
  • If you are required to repeat the author, you must use the full name in the reference section. The work has to be arranged chronologically.
  • While mentioning multiple works of a single author from a single year, it is recommended to use a letter next to the year. Also, include a list of different references from the same author in alphabetical order.
  • All the authors of the publications have to mention. “et al” should not be used in the “References”.
  • If an author is in both, a single-authored reference as the prime author, well as in a multiple-authored reference, only the single-authored reference has to be first enlisted in the “References”.

Also, read about descriptive essay

Some Examples In-Text Citations For ASA

ASA Citation For A Book

Author’s name [Last, First]. The Year of Publication. Title [Italics Font]. Place of Publishing: Publisher


James Henry. 2003. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Barns & Noble Books.

ASA Citation For A Journal Article

Author [Last, First]. Year of Publication. “Title (italicized).” Journal Name issue #: inclusive page numbers


Gans, Herbert J. 2005. “Race as Class.” Contexts 4[4]: 17-21.

ASA Citation For A Web Page

Author [Last, First]. Date of Publishing. Title. Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year {Link}


Lee Bruce. 03.09.2004. Birth of a Nation. History.com. Retrieved 18.01.2017. {link}


ASA citation is quite a tricky paper writing technique. It requires constant practice and learning to become good at achieving a well-structured ASA format document output. Keeping these factors in mind would surely help you achieve excellent results in becoming proficient in ASA writing.

If you are clueless about writing an ASA paper then you can head to Writing My Essay. It is an online portal where a team of expert researchers, scholars, and writers can help you write your assignments. You can reach out to them even if there is a tight timeline.

Once you contact them and explain your requirements, they will share a strategy with you and start working on it right away. They have a dedicated team of customer support professionals who are always there to resolve your queries.

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